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International cooperation on hydrographic basins

Solutions to such issues as natural disasters, erosion risks, floods or droughts, adaptation to the effects of climate change, confidence in meeting the needs of the public for safe drinking water and sanitation need to associate national and local authorities with users within an integrated approach, respecting the natural environment, organized at the water basin scale and oriented towards the sustainable use of water resources. Agreements and strategies, programs, funding and monitoring are recommended to be designed at the basin level and cooperation agreements formalized between riparian countries for large rivers, lakes or seas and cross-border aquifers.

Between 17 and 20 October 2018, the International Conference "EUROPE-INBO 2018" was held in Seville, Spain at the invitation of the Guadalquivir Hydrographic Confederation and aimed at better implementation of the European Water Directive.

The event was attended by the delegation of the Republic of Moldova, including representatives from the Ministry of Agriculture, Regional Development and Environment, "Apele Moldovei" Agency, the National Environment Centre and the Eco-Tiras Association.

The conference discussed topics such as water management on the example of Spain and the Guadalquivir Basin, the activities of INBO members on climate change, sustainable development objectives, governance and co-operation in water management, as well 4 Discussion workshops took place, such as: 1. Drought Prevention, 2. Combining Water Resources Infrastructure and Natural Solutions to Address Climate Change Problems, 3. International Co-operation and 4. Review of the Water Framework Directive.

So, in the framework of the International Cooperation: peer-to-peer cooperation and exchange, neighbouring and cross-border areas, Moldovan representative from Apele Moldovei Agency, Dumitru Proca presented the experience of the cross-border cooperation of Moldova and Ukraine on the Dniester River. The experience of our countries is not as rich as those in Spain and Portugal or France, Belgium and the Netherlands and other European countries sharing common rivers, but Moldova and Ukraine have shown an interest in following this example, thus creating in the year 2018 the Commission on the Protection and Sustainable Use of the Dniester River, based on the Joint Agreement signed in Rome in 2012.

The International Network of Basin Organizations (INBO), established in 1994, based in Paris, France, is a network whose objectives are: to promote the exchange of experience between the various organizations responsible for river basin management, promoting collaboration of organizations from different countries, which also includes the exchange of experience. Currently, this network includes 192 members or permanent observers from 88 countries.

This activity was implemented with support of (in the framework of) the European Union Water Initiative for Eastern Partnership Countries. Aim of the EU funded EUWI+project is to establish a strategic water resources management according to the EU Water Framework Directive. Implementing partners: Umweltbundesamt, UNECE, OECD, International Office for Water.

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